Rome City Sights (Pt. 1)
Heeeeey everyone! Here I am with more from my cruising adventure. I got the chance to go to Rome! Pretty awesome, never thought I’d ever get the opportunity to go to go to such a place.
Rome is the capital of Italy with a population of
2.9 million. Its history could be traced back to 3000 years with BC and AD dating. Early Rome was ruled by kings, after seven of them, the Romans took control of their own city and ruled themselves, the “Roman Republic”.
The Roman Republic was a very successful government. It lasted from 510 BC until 23 BC, almost 500 years. In comparison, Canada was founded in 1867, just under 150 years.
Living in Rome, there were four classes of people. This separation was very important to the Romans. The lowest class were slaves. They were owned by other people and had no rights at all. The next class were plebeians. They were free people but had little say. The second highest class were equestrians (sometimes referred to as ‘knights’). Their name means the ‘riders’, as they were given a horse to ride if they were called to fight for Rome. To be an equestrian you had to be rich.The highest class were ‘patricians’, the nobles of Rome. All the real power in Rome was within them.
I got to visit St. Peter’s Square. Its made up of two different areas, and took 11 years to build.
This is St Peter’s Basilica;
In the early fourth century Emperor Constantine, the first Christian emperor of Rome, wanted to build a basilica (a large
building with double colonnades and a semicircular apse, used in ancient Rome as a law court or for public assemblies) on Vatican Hill at the site of small shrine that marked the likely location of St. Peter’s tomb. Construction of the basilica started between 319 and 322. It was sanctified in 326 AD and finally completed around 349 AD.
It has a 211.5 meter long nave, making it the largest church in the world. The basilica’s dome is one of the world’s largest measuring 42 meters in diameter and reaching more than 434 ft. high.
St. Peter’s Basilica;
At the center of the square stands an Egyptian obelisk of red granite, 25.5 metres tall, on a bronze lions and surmounted by the Chigi arms in bronze, in all 41 metres to the cross on its top. The obelisk was originally standing in Heliopolis, Egypt. It was moved to its current site in 1586. The Vatican Obelisk is the only obelisk in Rome that has not toppled since ancient Roman times. During the Middle Ages, the gilt ball on top of the obelisk was believed to contain the ashes of Julius Caesar. Fontana (an Italian architect) later removed the ancient metal ball, now in a Rome museum, that stood atop the obelisk and only found dust.
This fountain was redesigned by architect Carlo Maderno after being instructed by Pope Paul V. The design of an octagon base with a large irregular basin at the top. It also has small columns and steps which hold water. The new design is also comprised of a large lower stone vasque, which the old fountain also had as well as four stone scrolls. The top of the fountain is a cap in shape of a mushroom, which is covered with stone scales. Water from the top of the fountain pours down over the top of the upper vasque. The fountain was designed in such a way that it did not operate by pumps but purely by gravity. This was facilitated by the fact that the source of water for the Maderno Fountain was higher than the fountain itself. This caused the water to shoot upwards by the power of gravity. In 1641, this fountain was said to be the most beautiful fountain in the whole of Europe.
There is more to come so,
…keep Cruising with Cocoa 🙂